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There had been five major revisions by the National People's Congress (NPC) to the 1982 Constitution. The premier, vice premiers and state councilors shall serve no more than two consecutive terms. In accordance with the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, the National People’s Congress hereby enacts the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, prescribing the systems to be practised in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, in order to ensure the implementation of the basic policies of the People’s Republic of China regarding Hong … Article 28 The state shall maintain public order, suppress treason and other criminal activities that jeopardize national security, punish criminal activities, including those that endanger public security or harm the socialist economy, and punish and reform criminals. Article 20 The state shall develop the natural and social sciences, disseminate scientific and technological knowledge, and commend and award research achievements and technological discoveries and inventions. Commissions of supervision shall, in accordance with the provisions of law, independently exercise supervisory power, and shall not be subject to interference from any administrative organ, social organization or individual. The premier, vice premiers, state councilors and the secretary general shall attend State Council executive meetings. The People’s Republic of China shall protect the lawful rights and interests of foreigners in the territory of Chin. Article 7 The state sector of the economy, that is, the sector of the socialist economy under ownership by the whole people, shall be the leading force in the economy. Article 69 The National People’s Congress Standing Committee shall be responsible to the National People’s Congress and shall report to the Congress on its work. Article 41 Citizens of the People’s Republic of China shall have the right to criticize and make suggestions regarding any state organ or state employee, and have the right to file with relevant state organs complaints, charges or reports against any state organ or state employee for violations of the law or dereliction of duty, but they shall not fabricate or distort facts to make false accusations. The state shall protect the rights and interests of women. Article 15 The state shall practice a socialist market economy. Article 133 The Supreme People’s Court shall be responsible to the National People’s Congress and the National People’s Congress Standing Committee. The People’s Republic of China shall establish a Supreme People’s Procuratorate, local people’s procuratorates at all levels, military procuratorates and other special people’s procuratorates. Article 62 The National People’s Congress shall exercise the following functions and powers: (2) overseeing the enforcement of the Constitution; (3) enacting and amending criminal, civil, state institutional and other basic laws; (4) electing the president and the vice president of the People’s Republic of China; (5) deciding, based on nomination by the president of the People’s Republic of China, on the successful candidate for the premier of the State Council; deciding, based on nominations by the premier of the State Council, on the successful candidates for vice premiers, state councilors, ministers of ministries, ministers of commissions, the auditor general and the secretary general of the State Council; (6) electing the chairperson of the Central Military Commission and deciding, based on nominations by the chairperson of the Central Military Commission, on the successful candidates for other members of the Central Military Commission; (7) electing the chairperson of the National Commission of Supervision; (8) electing the president of the Supreme People’s Court; (9) electing the procurator general of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate; (10) reviewing and approving the plan for national economic and social development and the report on its implementation; (11) reviewing and approving the state budget and the report on its implementation; (12) changing or revoking inappropriate decisions of the National People’s Congress Standing Committee; (13) approving the establishment of provinces, autonomous regions and cities directly under central government jurisdiction; (14) deciding on the establishment of special administrative regions and the systems to be instituted there; (15) deciding on issues concerning war and peace; and. & Industry for National Defense, CPC Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, Central Leading Group for Inspection Work, Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Central Military Commission, Independent Commission Against Corruption (Hong Kong), Judicial Administrative Organs People's Police, Office for Safeguarding National Security of the CPG in the HKSAR, Central Leading Group for Propaganda and Ideology, Central Guidance Commission on Building Spiritual Civilization, Central Publicity (Propaganda) Department, National Press and Publication Administration, National Radio and Television Administration, Central Leading Group on Hong Kong and Macau Affairs, Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits, International Development Cooperation Agency, International Military Cooperation Office, State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs, National People's Congress Constitution and Law Committee, Constitutional history of the People's Republic of China, 13th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, 14th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, 15th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, Constitution of the Chinese Communist Party, "Constitution of the People's Republic of China", "China's Still Having a Hard Time Obeying Its Own Constitution", "On First Annual Constitution Day, China's Most Censored Word Was 'Constitution, "Using Law for a Righteous Purpose: The Sun Zhigang Incident and Evolving Forms of Citizen Action in the People's Republic of China", "Constitution of the People's Republic of China (2018 Amendment)", "China's New "Xi Jinping Constitution": The Road to Totalitarianism", "CONSTITUTION OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA", "Timeline: Major amendments to CPC Constitution", "Xi Jinping cleared to stay on as China's president with just 2 dissenters among 2,964 votes", "China's national legislature adopts constitutional amendment", "China's Constitutional Amendments Are All About The Party, Not The President", "China's Constitution to Include Xi Jinping Thought", "Translation: 2018 Amendment to the P.R.C. The Chinese people thus secured power and became masters of their own country. The state shall champion core socialist values; advocate the civic virtues of love for the motherland, for the people, for work, for science and for socialism; educate the people in patriotism and collectivism, in internationalism and communism, and in dialectical and historical materialism; and combat capitalist, feudal and other forms of decadent thought. Article 103 The standing committees of local people’s congresses at and above the county level shall be composed of a chairperson, vice chairpersons and members; they shall be responsible to the people’s congresses at their respective levels and shall report to them on their work. Accountability must be enforced for all acts that violate the Constitution or laws. The statements and votes of National People’s Congress deputies at meetings of the National People’s Congress shall not be subject to legal liability. , "Constitution of China" redirects here. Great and earthshaking historical changes have taken place in China in the 20th century. The election of deputies to the next National People’s Congress must be completed within one year of said extraordinary circumstances coming to an end. s prescribed by the Constitution and the law. Commissions of supervision of the People’s Republic of China at all levels are the supervisory organs of the state. Women in the People’s Republic of China shall enjoy equal rights with men in all spheres of life: political, economic, cultural, social and familial. Citizens of the People’s Republic of China shall have the right to criticize and make suggestions regarding any state, have the right to file with relevant state, complaints, charges or reports against any state, or state employee for violations of the law or dereliction of duty, but they shall not fabricate or distort facts, concerned must ascertain the facts concerning the complaints, charges or reports made by citizens and take responsibility for their handling. The National People’s Congress shall have the power to remove from office the following personnel: Amendments to the Constitution must be proposed by the National People’s Congress Standing Committee or by one-fifth or more of National People’s Congress deputies and be adopted by a vote of at least two-thirds of National People’s Congress deputies. Sabotage of the socialist system by any organization or individual is prohibited. The people’s democratic dictatorship led by the working class and based on an alliance of workers and peasants, which in essence is a dictatorship of the proletariat, has been consolidated and developed. Collective economic organizations shall practice democratic management and shall, in accordance with the provisions of law, elect and remove their management personnel and decide on major issues concerning their operations and management.  The amendment also adds the phrases “Communist Party of China” and its “leadership” into the main body of the Constitution. Deputies to the National People’s Congress should maintain close contact with the organizations and people that elected them, listen to and convey the opinions and demands of the people, and work hard to serve them. The Revolution of 1911, led by Dr. Sun Yat-sen, abolished the feudal monarchy and gave birth to the Republic of China. The state makes every effort to promote the shared prosperity of all the country’s ethnic groups. regions and armed forces. ART. The people of all ethnic groups, all state organs and armed forces, all political parties and social organizations, and all enterprises and public institutions in the country must treat the Constitution as the fundamental standard of conduct; they have a duty to uphold the sanctity of the Constitution and ensure its compliance. The systems instituted in special administrative regions shall, in light of specific circumstances, be prescribed by laws enacted by the National People’s Congress. The National Commission of Supervision shall direct the work of local commissions of supervision at all levels; commissions of supervision at higher levels shall direct the work of those at lower levels. No organization or individual shall unlawfully transfer land through seizure, sale and purchase, or in any other form. Local People’s Governments at All Levels. Article 1 (Form of State) The Republic of China, founded on the Three Principles of the People, shall be a democratic republic of the people, to be governed by the people and for the people. Article 102 Deputies to the people’s congresses of provinces, cities directly under central government jurisdiction and cities divided into districts shall be subject to oversight by the organizations that elected them; deputies to the people’s congresses of counties, cities not divided into districts, municipal districts, townships, ethnic townships and towns shall be subject to oversight by their constituencies. The Supreme People’s Court shall oversee the adjudicatory work of local people’s courts at all levels and of special people’s courts; people’s courts at higher levels shall oversee the adjudicatory work of those at lower levels. We the Chinese people of all ethnic groups will continue, under the leadership of the Communist Party of China and the guidance of Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the Theory of Three Represents, the Scientific Outlook on Development and Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, to uphold the people’s democratic dictatorship, stay on the socialist road, carry out reform and opening up, steadily improve the socialist institutions, develop the socialist market economy and socialist democracy, improve socialist rule of law, apply the new development philosophy, and work hard in a spirit of self-reliance to modernize step by step the country’s industry, agriculture, national defense, and science and technology and promote coordinated material, political, cultural-ethical, social and ecological advancement, in order to build China into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious and beautiful, and realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. 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